The West

 Arizona

1.  Fort Bowie National Historic Site

-  During the early 1880s it was the base for the campaign against Geronimo and his raiders in southeastern Arizona.

Address: 203 South Old Fort Bowie Road, Bowie, AZ 8560

Phone number: (520) 847-2500

Website: www.nps.gov/fobo

 

2.  Old Fort Museum

- The name itself has passed its language of American folklore, symbolizing a remote and dangerous outpost.

Address: 127 Scout Street, Fort Apache, AZ 85926

Phone Number: (928) 338-1392

Website: www.fortapachearizona.org

                                    

3.  Coronado National Memorial

-Through this pass in the Huachuca Mountains, the first party of Europeans entered what would become the southwestern United States.

Address: 4101 East Montezuma Canyon Road Hereford, AZ 85615

Phone Number: (520) 366-5515

Website: http://www.nps.gov/coro/


4.  Fort Huachuca

-This is the only Arizona outpost of the Inidian Wars that’s still active as a military base.

Address: 2837 Boyd ave. Fort Huachuca , AZ 85615

Phone Number: 520-538-4020

Website: www.southernarizonatourplanner.com/

 

5.  John Swain Grave, Boot Hill

- It is called the town that was “too tough to die” and during its 1880’s heyday as a rip-roaring mining camp, its citizens were indeed some of the toughest individuals in the country.

Address: 408 N. Hwy 80 Tombstone, AZ 85638

Phone Number: 520-457-3300

Website: http://www.boothillgraves.com/

 

California

 

6.  California  Afro-American Museum

-This facility concentrates on exhibitions about the history, art, and culture of black Americans, with special references to southern California.

Address: 600 State Drive, Los Angeles, CA 90037

Phone Number: (213) 744-7432

Website: www.caamuseum.org/

 

7.  El Pueblo de Los Angeles State Historic Park

  -When the Spanish authorities in Mexico began to recruit settlers for a new farming community in Alta California, they concentrated their efforts on a poor area of Sinaloa.

Address: 125 Paseo De La Plz # 400, Los Angeles, CA 90012

Phone Number: (213) 628-1274

Website: www.ci.la.ca.us/elp/

 

8.  Northern California Center for Afro-American History and Life

  -The emphasis at this facility. Opened in 1965, is on the history of blacks in the east bay area.

Address: 659 14th Street Oakland, CA  94612

Phone Number: (510) 637-0200

Website: www.oaklandlibrary.org/

 

9.  St. Andrews African Methodist Episcopal Church

-The first church of this denomination on the west coast, it was organized in the center of the Gold Rush country one year after the Forty- Niners arrived.

Address: 2131 8th Street, Sacramento, CA 95818

Phone Number: (916) 448-1428

Website: standrewsame.org/

 

10.  Fort Moultrie

-The forced exodus of West Africa to the New World often ended on Sullivan’s island near Charleston, South Carolina, the entry point for nearly half of the captive Africans shipped to North America.

Address: 1214 Middle St, Sullivan's Island, SC 29482

Phone Number: (843) 883-3123

Website: www.nps.gov/nr/travel/charleston/sum.htm

 

11.  San Francisco Maritime National Historic Park

-San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park interprets the roles of African Americans in America’s maritime heritage.

Address: 2905 Hyde Street, San Francisco, CA 94109

Phone Number: (415) 447-5000

Website: www.nps.gov/safr/

 

Colorado

 

12.  Barney Ford Hill

-The town is famous as a ski resort today, but it had its beginning as a mining camp during the 1859 gold rush.

Address: 111 Washington Ave. Breckenridge, Colorado 80424

Phone Number: 970-453-5761

Website: http://www.gocolorado.com/

 

13.   Black American West Museum and Heritage Center

  -The lore of the Old West is so heavily wrapped up in myth and legend that it is almost impossible to separate historical fact from tall tale.

Address: 3091 California Street Denver, CO 80205

Phone Number: (720) 242-7428

Website: www.blackamericanwestmuseum.com/

 

14.  El Pueblo Museum

-Another legendary black figure of the West was mountain man Jim Beckwourth. He was an explorer, a fir trapper, a Crow war chief, and a feared adversary in the territories beyond the law.

Address: 301 North Union Avenue, Pueblo, CO 81003

Phone Number: (719) 583-0453

Website: www.historycolorado.org/

 

15.  Beecher Island Battlefield

-It is a familiar image from western movies. The small forces is hopelessly outnumbered by hostile Indians, and just when the situation looks most desperate the calvary comes, riding to the rescue.

Address: 33041 County Road 20 Wray, CO 80758

Phone Number: (970) 332-4431

Website: http://www.wrayco.net/museum_beecher.html

 

Hawaii

 

  16.  USS Arizona Memorial

-The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor achieved complete surprise.

Address: 1 Arizona Memorial Place, Honolulu, Hawaii 96818

Phone Number: (808) 422-3300

Website: www.nps.gov/valr/index.htm

 

Kansas 

 

17.  Fort Scott National Historic site

-When the U.S Army closed down Fort Scott in 1853 and sold off the buildings at auction, it was thought that history had passed the place by and a frontier era had ended.

Address: Old Fort Boulevard Fort Scott, KS 66701

Phone Number: (620) 223-0310

Website: www.nps.gov/fosc

 

18.  Fort Leavenworth

-     At the close of the civil war , the United States Army had 186,000 black combat troops in uniform and another 200,00 blacks in support units.

Address: 290 Grant Avenue, Leavenworth, KS 66027

Phone Number: (913) 684-4021

Website: arrison.leavenworth.army.mil

 

19.  John Brown Memorial State park

-In the late 1850’s Kansas became the stage for a dress rehearsal of the Civil War, a nightmarish succession of massacre and reprisal that made it known through the rest of the country as “ Bleeding Kansas”.

Address: 10th & Main Street Osawatomie, KS  66064

Phone Number: (913) 755-4384

Website: www.osawatomieks.org/index.aspx?NID=127

 

20.  Brown V, Board of Education National Historic Site

-On May 17, 1954, the United Stated Supreme Court decision in Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka unanimously ruled that racial segregation in schools was Unconstitutional.

Address: 1515 SE Monroe St. Topeka, Kansas 66612

Phone Number: (785) 354-42723

Website: www.nps.gov/brvb/historyculture/topeka.htm

21.  Nicodemus National Historic Site

-At the end of the reconstruction period following the civil war, three organized groups of newly freed African Americans resolved to leave the South head West, putting slavery and the past behind them.

Address: 304 Washington Ave. Nicodemus, Kansas 67625

Phone Number: (785) 839-4233

Website: www.nps.gov/nico/

 

Montana

 

        22.  State Capitol, State Historical Museum

-There were two epic adventures in the earliest explorations of the American West: the southwestern journey of Coronado and the northwestern of Lewis and Clark.

Address: 225 North Roberts Helena, MT 59620-1201

Phone Number: (406) 444-2694

Website: mhs.mt.gov/museum/default.asp


23Fort Missoula

  -The outpost was built in 1877 during the time of the Nez percé uprising under Chief Joseph.

Address: 322 Fort Missoula , Missoula, MT 59804, 59804

Phone Number: (406) 281-7812

Website: fortmissoulamuseum.org/

 

Nebraska

24.  Mayhew Cabin, John Brown’s Caves

-This wide-open frontier town on the Missouri River was also one of the westernmost stations of the Underground Railroad in the 1850’s

  Address: 2012 4th Corso, Nebraska City, NE 68410

Phone Number: (402) 873-3115

Website: http://www.mayhewcabin.org/

 

25.  Great Plains Black Museum

-The northern plains have never been an area with a significant black population.

Address: 2213 Lake Street in Omaha, Nebraska 68110

Phone Number: (402) 415-9615

  Website: http://www.gpblackmuseum.org/

 

New Mexico

26.  Pancho Villa State Park

- On March 9., 1916 the notorious Mexican bandit Pancho Villa and about 800 of his followers came galloping across the border and fell upon a town in Columbus.

Address: P.O Box 450 Columbus, New Mexico 88029

  Phone Number: (575) 531-2711

  Website: http://www.stateparks.com/pancho_villa_state_park_in_new_mexico.htm

27.   Fort Stanton, Lincoln Court House Museum

-One of the eleven Congressional Medals of Honor awarded to members of the ninth Calvary, seven of them came during campaign in New Mexico.

Address: Calle La Placita , Lincoln, NM 88338

Permanently

Phone Number: (575) 653-4196

Website: www.preservationnation.org/.../fort-stanton-lincoln-courthouse.html

 

Oklahoma

 

28.  Five Civilized Tribes Museum

-Members of these tribes- Greek, Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole- were southern in background and many of them owned slaves.

Address: 1101 Honor Heights Drive, Muskogee, OK 74401

Phone Number: (918) 683-1701

Website: www.fivetribes.org/

 

29.  101 Ranch

-It was more of a showplace then a ranch, a spread where the legends and the traditions of the Old West were allowed to live on long after the frontier had vanished.

Address: 101 S Ranch Dr Ponca City, OK 74601

Phone Number:

Website: http://www.poncacity.com/101_ranch.htm

 

Oregon

30.  Fort Clatsop National Memorial

-More then a year and a half after leaving St. Louis, the Lewis and Clark Expedition arrived at the Pacific Ocean near the mouth of the Columbia River.

Address: 92343 Fort Clatsop Rd, Astoria, OR 97103

Phone Number: (503) 861-2471

Website: www.nps.gov/lewi/

 

South Dakota

        31.  Holy Rosary Mission

-The clash at the mission church came one day after the final climactic event of the Indian wars,  the massacre at wounded knee.

Address: 100 Mission Drive Pine Ridge, SD 57770

Phone Number: (605) 867-5491

Website: www.thecatholicdirectory.com/directory.cfm?fuseaction

 

Texas

  32.  Fort Davis Historic Site

-The outpost was established in 1854 to protect travelers to El Paso on the long, hazardous trail through the hostile land of west Texas.

Address: 101 Lt, Flipper Dr. fort Davis, TX 79734

Phone Number: (432) 426-3224

Website: http://www.google.com/search?q=fort+davis+national+historic+site&tbm=plcs

 

33.  Fort Concho

-This is the best preserved of all the Texas frontier forts, with eleven original buildings still standing as they were when Concho closed down in 1889.

Address: 630 S. Oakes San Angelo, Texas 76903

Phone Number: (325) 481-2646

  Website: http://www.fortconcho.com/

 

34.  Institute of Texas Cultures

-This Museum is part of HemisFair Plaza, the site of the city’s in 1968 world fair. It contains exhibits about each of the twenty-five ethnic groups that make up the state of Texas emphasizing their contributions to its development.

Address: 801 César E. Chavez Boulevard, San Antonio, TX 78233

Phone Number: (210) 458-2300

Website: www.texancultures.com

 

Utah

 

35. Brigham Young Monument, Pioneer Trail State Park

-In view of the longtime friction that existed between blacks and The Church Latter Day Saints over ordination priests, it may be a bit surprising to see the names of three black pioneers inscribed on two monuments here.

Address: 324 South State Street, Suite 200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84111

Phone Number: (801) 741-1012

Website: www.nps.gov/mopi/

 

Washington

36.  George Washington Park, Chehalis County Museum

-The name of the park doesn’t honor the George Washington who was father of his country but George Washington who was the father of Centralia.

Address: 599 Northwest Front Street, Chehalis, WA 98532

  Phone Number: (360) 748-0831

  Website: lewiscountymuseum.org/

 

37.  Douglas-Truth Library

-The best source of historical material regarding African Americans in the Pacific Northwest.

Address: 2300 E. Yesler Way Seattle, WA 98122

  Phone Number: (206) 684-4704

  Website: www.spl.org/locations/douglass-truth-branch

 

38.  Mt. Zion Baptist Church

-The congregation was established here in 1890, making it one of the oldest black churches in the Northwest.

Address: 1634 19th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98122

Phone Number: (206) 322-6500

Website: www.mountzion.net/

 

39.  George Bush Exhibits in Henderson House Museum

-George Washington may have been an early leader in this state but he was proceeded by another black pioneer with a presidential name: George Bush.

Address: 602 Deschutes Way, Tumwater, WA 98501

Phone Number: (360) 754-4160

Website: www.ci.tumwater.wa.us/

 

40.  Fredrick Douglas National Historic Site

-Fredrick Douglas was born in February 1818 on Maryland’s Eastern Shore, the son of an enslaved mother and a white father.

Address: 1411 W Street Southeast, Washington, DC 20020

Phone Number: (202) 426-5960

Website: www.nps.gov/frdo/index.htm

 

41.  Lincoln Park , Capitol Hills Park

  -Lincoln Park is the largest Capitol Hill park and features monuments to two of the nation’s greatest leaders, President Abraham Lincoln and civil rights activist and educator Mary McLeod Bethune.

Address: East Capitol St SE, Washington, DC 20003

Phone Number: (202) 673-2402

Website: www.nps.gov/nr/travel/wash/dc87.htm

42.  Martin Luther King Memorial

-He became an important part of the African American struggle for freedom that begun during their long night of slavery and continued through out his life.

Address: 1964 Independence Avenue Southwest, Washington, DC

Phone Number: (202) 426-6841

Website: www.mlkmemorial.org

 

43.  Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site

-By her own words and example, Mary McLeod Bethune demonstrated the value of education, a philosophy of universal love, and the wise and consistent use of political power in striving for racial and gender equality.

Address: 1318 Vermont Avenue Northwest, Washington, DC 20005

Phone Number: (202) 673-2402

Website: www.nps.gov/mamc

 

New York

44.  African Burial Ground National Monument

  -This site in lower Manhattan contains burial of people of African descent- enslaved and free- from the 1690s to the mid- 1790s

Address: 290 Broadway (First Floor) New York, New York 10007

  Phone Number: (212) 637-2019

Website: www.africanburialground.gov/

 

Virginia

 

45.  Booker T. Washington National Monument

  -After the civil war, Washington lived and worked in West Virginia, eventually gaining entrance to Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute in Virginia, and late at Wayland Seminary.

Address: 12130 Booker T Washington Highway Hardy, VA 24101

Phone Number: (540) 721-2094

Website: www.nps.gov/bowa

 

                                                                  Massachusetts

 

46.  Boston African American National Historic Site

-Boston African American National Historic Site works with the Museum of African American history to preserve and interpret the inspiring history of the free black community in antebellum Boston.

Address: 14 Beacon St. Suite #401 Boston, Massachusetts 02108

Phone Number: (617) 742-5415

Website: www.nps.gov/boaf

 

Ohio

 

47.  Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historic Park

-Orville and Wilbur Wright are renowned for inventing the airplane.

Address: 16 South Williams Street, Dayton, OH 45402

Phone Number: (937) 225-7705

  Website: www.nps.gov/daav/contacts.htm

 

Arkansas

48.  Fort Smith Historic Site

-Fort Smith Historic Site includes remains of two frontier forts and the Federal Courts for the Western District of Arkansas.

Address: 301 Parker Avenue Fort Smith, AR 72901

Phone Number: (479) 783-3961

Website: www.nps.gov/fosm/

 

49.  Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site

-Central High School is an operating public school and is not open for visitors to tour on their own.

Address: 1500 South Park Street, Little Rock, AR 72202

Phone Number: (501) 374-1957

Website: www.lrcentralhigh.org/

 

Missouri

50.  George Washington Carver National Site

  -Near the end of the Civil War- the exact date is unknown- George Washington Carver was born in a small cabin on the Moses Carver farm.

Address: 5646 Carver Road, Diamond, MO 64840

Phone Number: (417) 325-4151

Website: www.nps.gov/gwca/

 

South Carolina 

 

51.  Gullah/Greechee Cultural Heritage Corridor

-Designated by Congress in 2006, the Gullah/Greeche Cultural Heritage Corridor extends from Wilmington, South Carolina. 

Address: 1214 Middle StreetSullivan’s Island, SC 29482

  Phone Number: (843) 881.5516 ext.12

Website: http://www.gullahgeecheecorridor.org/

 

Maryland

        52.  Hampton National Historic Site

-At one point, more then 300 African Americans lived at Hampton, making it one of the largest slaveholding estates in Maryland.

Address: 535 Hampton Lane Towson, Maryland 21286

Phone Number: 410-828-9480

Website: http://historichampton.org/

 
        53.  Monocacy National Battlefield

-Monocacy National Battlefield commemorates the battle of Monocacy, fought on July 9, 1864.

  Address: 5201 Urbana Pike, Frederick, Maryland 21704

  Phone Number: (301) 662-3515

  Website: www.nps.gov/mono

 

Georgia

 

  54.  Martin Luther King JR. National Historic Site

-The park’s mission is to preserve, protect, and interpret the places where Martin Luther King JR. was born, where he lived, worked, worshipped and his buried.

Address: 450 Auburn Avenue Northeast, Atlanta, GA 30312

Phone Number: (404) 331-5190

Website: www.nps.gov/malu/

 

Mississippi

 

        55.  Natchez National Historic Park

  -Natchez National Historic Park interprets slavery on cotton plantations and slaves serving the planters’ in-town mansions through guided walks of the slave quarters, mansions, and grounds at Melrose.

  Address: 640 South Canal Street Natchez, MS 39120

  Phone Number: (301) 446-5790

  Website: www.nps.gov/natc/

 

Louisiana 


  56.   New Orleans Jazz National Historic Park

-The story that the park tells is one of the experimentation and innovation as this indigenous music grew and came to be accepted through out the world.

Address: 916 North Peters Street, New Orleans, LA 70116

Phone Number: (504) 589-4841

Website: www.nps.gov/jazz

 

Alabama

 

        57.  Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail

-The Selma Interpretive Center opened its doors March 2011 and serves as the welcome center to the trail, located at the foot of the Edmund Pettus Bridge.

Address: 700 US hwy. 80 Hayneville, Alabama 36040

Phone Number: (334) 877-1984

Website: www.nps.gov/semo

 

58.  Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site

-Once Orville and Wilbur Wright took to the skies, Americans of all races and backgrounds were eager to fly.

Address: 616 Chappie James Avenue, Tuskegee, Alabama 36083

Phone Number: (334) 724-0922

Website: www.nps.gov/nr/.../Tuskegee_Airmen_National_Historic_Site.html

 

59.  Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site

-On July 4, 1881 Tuskegee Normal School for Colored Teachers, the idea of former slave owner, George Campbell, opened its doors to about 30 students.

  Address: 1212 Old Montgomery Road, Tuskegee Inst, AL 36088

  Phone Number: (334) 727-6390

  Website: www.nps.gov/tuin/

 

Florida

 

  60.  Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve

-Home to one of the most extensive collections of tabby slave quarters in the nation.

  Address: 12713 Ft Caroline Road, Jacksonville, Florida 32225

  Phone Number: (904) 251-2320

  Website: www.nps.gov/timu

 

Virgin Islands

 

  61.  Virgin Islands National Park

-Virgin Islands National Park’s Cultural history includes the enslavement of Africans on the sugar plantations and the subsistence era that followed emancipation.

  Address: 1300 Cruz Bay Creek, Cruz Bay, 00830, U.S. Virgin Islands

  Phone Number: (340) 776-6201

  Website: www.nps.gov/viis/